Shukla Pratipada of Chaitra month is called Gudi Padwa. As per Hindu tradition, the new Year also begins from this day. The festival will be celebrated on 13 April in the year 2021. Gudi means a victory flag. It is mentioned that the new positions of planets, days, and months are calculated according to mathematical and astronomical computations. It is addressed by different names in different parts of India. Ugadi is celebrated in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka while in Maharashtra it is celebrated as Gudi Padwa. Chaitra Navratras also began on the same day itself.
A potter-son named Shalivahana defeated effective enemies with an army of mud soldiers. Shalivahana Saka as a symbol of this victory begins on this day.
As per the second story, Lord Ram Ji liberated the people of the south from the tyrannical rule of Vanararaj Bali. People who were freed from the tragedy of Bali hoisted the flag in their houses celebrating with great enthusiasm. It is the very same reason that even today the practice of standing good in the courtyard of the house is prevalent in Maharashtra. That is why this day was named Gudi Padwa.
According to religious belief, on this day Brahma Ji created the universe, hence Gudi Padwa is also called ‘Navasvatsar’. A special type of Prasad is distributed in Andhra Pradesh on the day of Padwa. It is believed that whosoever have this prasad, all the skin diseases are eradicated. There is also a tradition to eat Neem leaves in the morning on this day as it removes all the impurities present in the blood of our body as well as the bitterness of the relationship also turns into sweetness.
People used to decorate the doors of the house with pylons. It is believed that it brings happiness, prosperity, and happiness to the house. Different varieties of dishes are also prepared in different regions. A sweet dish called Puranpoli is the specialty of this festival. Srikhand is also specially made in Maharashtra. At the same time, the practice of distributing Pachhadi as Prasad in Andhra is also followed on the festival of Gudi Padwa.
The day begins by taking a oil bath after which prayers are offered. Then neem leaves are consumed during worship. The main attraction of this festival is the Gudi flag which people hoist on their homes and vehicles.
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