We all know that every country enjoys its own diverse variety of festivals around the globe. Each of these has its regional and cultural importance with its folklore and mythological tales. Out of all the countries, India is one such country which is marked by the largest number of festivals around the year. The year starts with the festival of The Great Lohri which is indeed one of the greatest importance in the northern part of India.
In Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal it is celebrated on the cultivation of new crops at Makar Sankranti. The first Lohri of a newlywed and a child is very auspicious, especially in Punjab. During the night, a sacred fire is lit in the open space and all the family members and the entire neighborhood gather together singing folk songs & offering Kheel, corn, Jaggery, Revri, Groundnut in the fire going in rounds around it.
Lohri and Makar Sankranti has a very special connection between the two. On the day of Lohri, while people dance with joy and harmony, they take a sacred bath on the next day of Makar Sakranti. After which they worship the sacred fire of Lohri which is called the first great and public yagna of the day when the sunrise.
According to mythological beliefs, this festival is celebrated as a sacrifice of Sati. According to the story, when Prajapati Daksha jumped into the fire, Shiva’s wife Sati committed self-immolation. This festival is celebrated in memory of the same day.
According to Punjabi mythology, the story of Dulla Bhatti on Lohri has great significance. Dulla Bhatti lived during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar. At that time girls were sold for slavery. Dulla Bhatti rescued the slave girls and got them married to Hindu boys, that’s why the importance of holy fire on Lohri is important.
A great mix of small and big festivals are celebrated all seasons round be it Autumn, Spring, and Winter. Lohri is celebrated on 13 January on the last night of Paush month with the arrival of spring. The following day, the month of Magh is celebrated as Maghi.
There used to be a tradition of going from house to house on Lohri and singing songs of Dulla Bhatti and other types but now it happens rarely. People especially children are not returned empty-handed. They are given jaggery, groundnut, sesame, gazak or revri. Earlier, wood was collected from house to house throughout the day. After this, Lohri is celebrated by burning them in the open space around the square or houses in the evening. The dance-music phase also continues in the form of Bhangra for males and Gidda for women.
Lohri is associated with the element of fire which represents energy. Astrologically, Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius are the zodiacs of fire. Sun, Mars, and Jupiter are also known as fiery planets. It gives strength and energy to life.
On the day of Lohri, the person should worship Lord Agni, especially those who suffer from Sun, Mars and Jupiter house. They should sit around the fire and recite the mantra 108 times.
“Om Agni Devo Bhava”.
The native should sit facing towards the north and chant this mantra along with Rudraksha Mala.
The native should also offer sesame, chauff, gazak, jaggery, groundnut, ghee, sugar in the holy fire. It is believed that one faces no shortage of money and experiences joy in your life by taking rounds around the fire. It also minimizes the struggles to a great extent and arguments in our lives.
According to the Hindu calendar, the sun’s transit in Capricorn is happening on January 14, 2021, at 08:21 am so Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on 14th January 2021 and Lohri will be celebrated on 13th January 2021.
It is worshipped facing the west direction. Put a picture of Lord Shiva on a black cloth and light a mustard oil lamp next to it. After that, offer them vermilion, wood apple leaf, and reveries. Then take a dried coconut, put camphor in it, light the fire, and put reverie, groundnut, or corn in it. After this, take at least seven rounds around the fire. It is also the festival of worshipping Shri Krishna.
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